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苦瓜新品种合作研发与示范推广(Cooperative R&D and demonstrative promotion of new Balsam pear varieties)
来源: 浏览次数:次 发表日期:2020-03-26

项目单位:福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所

  • 项目国别:中国
  • 行业分类:农业
福建省农科院苦瓜课题组经过20年的不断努力,已自交纯化出一批具有不同果形、瘤状、皮色、大小及种子颜色的苦瓜稳定自交系,并根据市场需求配制新组合,初步形成了淡绿色、青绿色、深绿色,尖瘤、圆瘤、纵条间圆瘤,早熟和早中熟相结合的系列苦瓜新品种。

近年来有9个自主选育的育苦瓜新品种在省内外进行较大面积推广应用,其中"翠玉”、"新翠”、"如玉5号”、"如玉11号”、"如玉33号”、"如玉41号(绿玉)”,"如玉45”等7个品种通过省级认定;课题组在苦瓜高产优质种子生产上积累了丰富经验,生产的杂交一代种子纯度可达98%以上,发芽率可达95%以上,在苦瓜嫁接、稀植套种等省工高效栽培模式的研究上已取得明显成效。

希望与国内外同行进行合作交流,包括苦瓜抗病育种、新品种示范推广等,优良苦瓜品种能以代销方式同南亚国家的种子经销商合作。

After 20 years of continuous efforts, the balsam pear research group in Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences has successfully developed a batch of stable inbred lines of balsam pearsby selfing purification, which show specialtypes in fruit shape, tumor shape, skin color, fruit size and seed color.A series of new balsam pear varieties have been developed according to market demandwith characterization of pale green, blue green, dark green in skin colour, pointed tumor, round tumor, round tumor between vertical tricot in tumor sharp, as well as early maturity or early-mid maturity in ripe-stage.

In recent years, 9 kinds of new balsam pears varieties bred by our group have been large-area popularized and applied in and out of Fujian province.Among them, 7 varieties included "CuiYu", "XinCui", "RuYu 5", " RuYu 11 ", " RuYu 33", " RuYu 41(LvYu)"," RuYu 45" have passed the provincial identify. Our group has accumulated rich experience in production of high-yield and good-quality seeds of balsam pears with more than 98% purity in hybrid generation seeds and can reach and more than 95% in germination rate. Our research in labor saving and efficient cultivation of balsam pears such as grafting orinterplanting has already obtained significant achievements.

We look forward to various form of cooperation and communication with domestic and foreign counterparts, such as disease-resistant breeding of balsam pear, new varieties demonstration and promotion and so on. Balsam pear varieties seeds can be sold by the way of cooperation with proxy dealers in southAsian countries.

 

单位:福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所Agricultural Bio-Resources Institute, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

地址:福建福州市五四路247号省农科院高新大楼1203#No. 1203,building Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.247 wusiroad, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.

联系人:张玉灿  Yucan Zhang

联系电话/Cell phone:13509389755

邮箱:zyc507@sina.com